Civil Service Preliminary Syllabus 2018
The Union Public Service Commission conducts the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination every year, which is common for the all candidates applying for Civil Services Examination and Indian Forest Service Examination. This exam acts a primary mechanism for selection of candidates for the Civil Services (Main) Examination.
Since the examination serves as just a screening test; the mark results obtained in the preliminary Examination by the candidates will not be counted for determining their final order of merit. One should note that the number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be about fourteen to fifteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year in the various Services and Posts. Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2018 (objective) will be conducted on June 03, 2018. The Main Exam (written) 2018 will start from October 01, 2018.
UPSC Civil Services Exam, which is popularly known as IAS (Indian Administrative Services) examination, is one of the toughest and prestigious examinations conducted in India by UPSC Every year around 5 lakh candidates appear for prelims, out of which only 15000 qualifies for mains, then these 15000 appears for mains and at the end only around 1000 candidates known to crack highly dignified civil services exam.This data justifies the opening statement of this article, only 0.2% makes it in the end, tough but not impossible. Here you can get all the details regarding UPSC Syllabus 2018, or IAS Syllabus for Prelims and Mains. Basically, UPSC conducts civil services exam in three phrases.
The Civil Services Mains examination aims to test the academic talent and the ability of the candidate to present the answers in a clear and coherent manner. The Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and understanding of the concepts rather than merely the check their information and memory.
Indian Administrative Service [IAS] is one of the dream jobs of every youth in India. Due to its challenges and scope of transforming millions of lives in India, makes it as the prestigious services. Along with IAS, there are 24 other services including IFS, IPS, IRS and so on UPSC conducts civil service exams [CSE] popularly called IAS Exam  annually, for selecting candidates. CSE is a three step selection process as Prelims, Mains Exam and Personality Test (interview) and ultimately top ranker hold IAS offices. Hence an IAS officer holds many positions like collector, chief secretary, cabinet secretary, head of various public sector departments etc.
The recruitment process consists of three stages –
- Preliminary Exam
- Mains Exam
In this article, you will find the Prelims exam syllabus and exam pattern details.
IAS SELECTION PROCESS
The UPSC Civil Services (IAS) syllabus is divided into three sections in a line with the three phases of Civil Services IAS Exam i.e. IAS Prelims, IAS Mains and IAS Interview (PT). By studying and analysing the UPSC Civil Services (IAS) syllabus and the previous year question papers, an IAS aspirant can partially decode the pattern of UPSC IAS Exam. Hence, they can chalk out the better strategy which can take less time to crack this coveted exam. So, while doing IAS preparation, an IAS aspirant should keep the syllabus beside them so that they can avoid the irrelevant topic by picking up the most relevant topics for UPSC IAS Exam. Now, go through the UPSC Civil Services (IAS) Syllabus for IAS Prelims Exam and IAS Mains Exam.
General Studies Paper I Syllabus
- Current events of national and international importance
- History of India and Indian national movement
- Indian and World Geography- Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the world
- Indian Polity – Constitution, Political system, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights issues, etc.
- Economic and Social development – poverty, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives etc.
- General issues on environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate change-that donot require subject specialization
- General science
Here you can get SAT Syllabus (Aptitude Test). Check out for UPSC SAT Syllabus. Also download SAT Syllabus from below.
- Interpersonal skills including communication skills
- Logical reasoning and analytical ability
- Decision making and problem solving
- General mental ability
- Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc.) Data Interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc.
- English Language Comprehension skills
- Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills .
Points to be remember before appearing UPSC Prelims exam 2018:
- The questions in the UPSC Prelims exams are objective type also called as multiple choice questions.
- There is “Negative Marking” in the Prelims exam. There is a penalty of 33% marks or 0.83 marks for every wrong answer. Though decision making and problem solving section doesn’t have negative marking.
- Since 2013, it’s for the first time the Indian Forest Service (IFS) aspirants are combined with the Civil Services candidates to take the Preliminary examination. The aspirants who may clear the Preliminary exam have to separately write the Mains exams for Indian Forest Service.
- Blind candidates are allowed extra time of 20 mins for each paper.
- It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) examination for the purpose of evaluation.
The marks scored in the Prelims exam is not counted in the final tally of the Mains exam or the Interview. Many students appear multiple times to clear UPSC Prelims because limited numbers of candidates are chosen to write the mains exam. For its preparation qualities like a sharp memory and basic retention power and proper strategy is needed. Conceptual clarity on every topic of the syllabus is required so I hope this UPSC Prelims Syllabus & Structure 2018 article may helpful to you to know about the pattern and detailed syllabus of prelims
UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2018. If you have any issues & Doubts regarding Prelims Exam Structure, UPSC Syllabus 2018, detailed subject topics and any other related to Civil Services Exam 2018 you can ask via comment box.
Paper Subjects Questions Total marks Duration
I General studies
(this is qualifying paper
for mains examination) 100 200 2 hours
II Aptitude skills
(this paper is also qualifying
but person has to score 80 200 2 hours
at least 33% marks)
The exam pattern for UPSC was changed in 2015. Now, GS Paper 2 or CSAT paper has become qualifying in nature i.e., candidates need to score 66.7 marks out of 200 marks.
Overview of UPSC Prelims Exam
- The Examination comprises of two compulsory Papers of 200 marks each
- Both the question papers will be of the Objective Type (multiple choice questions)
- The General Studies Paper 2 of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%
- The question papers will be set both in Hindi and English
- Duration of each paper will be two hours
- Blind candidates and the candidates with Locomotor Disability and Cerebral Palsy, where dominant (wilting) extremity is affected to the extent of slowing the performance of function (minimum of 40% impairment), will be allowed an extra time of twenty minutes per hour for each paper
There is negative marking in UPSC Preliminary exam – one-third of marks for each question are deducted for every wrong answer in the paper. Candidates should be cautious as committing silly mistakes or attempting the questions which they are not sure of can become a deterrent in their dream of qualifying UPSC Prelims exam.
Civil Services Mains Exam Syllabus
The written examination will consist of the following papers:
Paper A – Modern Indian language 300 Marks – Qualifying nature – Marks not counted – Passing mandatory-
(i) Comprehension of given passages.
(ii) Precis Writing
(iii) English Grammar
(iv) Short Essay
(v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.
POINT 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of High School level and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for final ranking.
POINT 2 : The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).
Paper B – English – 300 marks – Qualifying nature – Marks not counted- Passing mandatory
The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.
The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-
(i) Comprehension of given passages
(ii) Precis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary
(iv) Short Essay.
Essay – 250 Marks – To be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice. Candidate is required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They are expected to keep their thoughts closely to the subject and arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and be concise.
General Studies-I 250 Marks (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
Effects of globalization on Indian society
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
Salient features of world’s physical geography.
Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
General Studies -II: 250 Marks (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice)
Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
Role of civil services in a democracy.
India and its neighbourhood- relations.
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.
General Studies -III 250 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
Land reforms in India.
Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
Disaster and disaster management.
Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
General Studies -IV 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
Optional Subject – Paper I -250 Marks
Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks
Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.
Interview/Personality Test – 275 Marks
Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.
Marks obtained by the candidates for all papers EXCEPT PAPER A & B will be counted for merit ranking. However, the Commission will have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all papers of the examination. Aspirants can log on to UPSC’s official website (www.upsc.gov.in) to see the detailed notification.